Clinical trials are research studies conducted by doctors and scientists to discover new and better ways of treating patients. These trials involve volunteers who participate in the study to advance scientific knowledge and improve patient care. Every drug that is approved by the FDA has been tested in a clinical trial.
Clinical trials cover all types and stages of prevention and cancer. They focus on new treatments and evaluate the safety and efficacy of new drugs, different combinations of treatments, new approaches to radiation therapy or surgery, and new methods of treatment. Participants in clinical trials may have the opportunity to receive treatment before it is available to the public. However, there are potential risks and side effects associated with participating in clinical trials, and patients should discuss the pros and cons with their healthcare provider before joining a study.
Clinical trials focus on ways to relieve symptoms and side effects during treatment or manage late effects that may occur long after treatment. Patients may choose to participate in a clinical trial for a variety of reasons, such as having limited standard treatment options, hoping for better results, or wanting to contribute to the progress in treatment.
Before participating in a clinical trial, patients must go through a process called informed consent. This involves the doctor explaining all treatment options, the risks associated with the new treatment, what will be required of the participant, and the purpose of the clinical trial. By participating in clinical trials, patients are helping to advance medical knowledge and improve patient care while being carefully monitored for their safety.